Pain is one of the most common reasons for referral to the dentist.
There are many causes of toothache.


What are the causes of toothache?

  • Tooth decay
  • Tooth abscesses
  • Tooth enamel erosion
  • Gum Diseases
  • Impacted teeth
  • Extraoral diseases such as sinusitis
  • Reflected pain due to the tension of the muscles in the head and neck region.


What Should Be Done in Tooth Pain?

In case of toothache, food deposits on and between the teeth should be cleaned using a toothbrush and floss and the mouth rinsed thoroughly. Never use Aspirin or any pain medication on the aching tooth. Due to their chemical structure, such drugs can cause irritation to the gums and surrounding soft tissues. This will result in a second pain besides toothache.

If swelling has occurred on the face due to inflammation, cold compresses should be given to that area. A painkiller may be taken before going to the dentist.
Immediately consult a dentist.

Since tooth pains are mostly confused with tension pains of the muscles in the head and neck, a muscular examination of these areas should also be performed during the examination.


T.M.J (Jaw Joint Diseases and Treatment):

TMJ allows the lower jaw to move forward and backward. TMJ diseases are caused by joint damage as a result of intra- or extra-articular pathologies.


What are the Symptoms of TMJ Diseases

  • Percent asymmetrical appearance
  • Tinnitus
  • Noise from the chin when opening and closing the mouth
  • Pain or difficulty when yawning or chewing gum
  • Fatigue of the jaw joint
  • Balance problem, dizziness
  • Headache, neck pain


Diş ağrı Nedenleri


What Causes TMJ Diseases?

  • Lack of teeth
  • Excessive load on jaw joint after squeezing problem
  • Kaza sonucu TMJ yaralanmaları
  • Closing disorders of teeth
  • Prosthesis not suitable for jaw structure
  • Muscle spasm, stress and fatigue
  • Tumors


What is the Treatment of TMJ Diseases?

  • Hot compresses, painkillers and muscle relaxants to prevent muscle spasm
  • Occlusal splint to prevent bruxism (clenching and grinding), night plate
  • Stress management
  • Surgical intervention

What is Bruxism?

It is usually a problem of squeezing and grinding teeth caused by jaw movements during sleep. Some researchers argue that bruxism is a multifaceted problem, including closure disorders between teeth, some diseases of the central nervous system, and some of these two causes. Emotional stress is one of the most important causes of bruxism.


In today’s conditions, clenching and grinding are seen in the vast majority of people. It is often found at night when clenching and grinding. In some cases, squeezing and grinding are continuing during the day. One of the treatment methods is specially designed plaques placed between the teeth and closing the teeth by directing the joints and muscles are distributed forces. In addition to the plaques, treatment methods such as drug therapy psychological support physical therapy neurobiofeedback can also be applied. In bruxist people, the whole should be looked at and the treatment should be planned accordingly.


What happens as a result of bruxism?

  • Wear on the chewing face of the teeth
  • Fracture of teeth
  • Tooth sensitivity
  • Gingival withdrawal, dental wobbling and tooth loss
  • Irritation of the cheek, fibrous lesions
  • Muscle pain
  • Headache
  • Pain in the jaw joint


Treatment of bruxism

  • First of all, it is necessary to improve the sleep quality of the patient, to prevent muscle spasm and to provide streching
  • All necessary treatments within the mouth (missing teeth, closing problems, etc.) should also be completed.
  • An appropriate night plate should be designed for the patient.
  • Drug treatment is also recommended when necessary.