Bleaching is the process of removing discolorations that occur in the structure of teeth. It is a frequently used method among aesthetic dentistry methods. Coffee, tea, cigarettes and so on. problems are solved as a result of the whitening process applied on the teeth which are discolored due to its use or natural reasons.
 

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Over time, the enamel layer becomes more porous due to the deterioration in the mineral structure of the teeth. This structure prepares an environment suitable for pigmentation of teeth and causes darkening of tooth color. In addition, tea, coffee, cigarettes, tetracycline-derived antibiotics or excessive fluoride intake may cause changes in teeth color. Bleaching is the process of removing discolorations that occur in the structure of teeth. There are currently two known bleaching methods.

  • Office Bleaching
    It is applied by the dentist in the clinic and usually with a procedure lasting about 40-50 minutes. The gums are covered with a special protective layer and a whitening agent with a gel consistency is applied to the teeth.
  • Home Bleaching
    A transparent mold suitable for the mouth and covering all the teeth is prepared by taking measurements from the person to be bleached. The patient squeezes the gels given by the physician into this mold and applies them to his teeth at certain hours every day. Bleaching gels can irritate the gums. Therefore, they should not be carried to the gums. If the gel is carried to the gum after placing the mold in the mouth in household applications, the gel overflowing with a wet cotton should be removed.

 

According to research, whitening is extremely effective and safe if performed under the supervision of your dentist. The teeth and gums are not damaged in any way.

 

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After bleaching, the sensitivity of hot-cold is rarely seen. However, this condition disappears completely within 1-3 days. The whitening process does not cause any changes on the tooth enamel. For this purpose, a plaque suitable for the structure of the teeth is prepared by measuring from the patient. The patient will use the whitening gel at home by placing it in this plaque. Plaque is made to be worn comfortably and does not affect daily life negatively. With this method it is possible to provide long-lasting whitening by taking half an hour a day. It usually takes several weeks. In home-type bleaching, the physician may wish to monitor his or her patient to evaluate the result and to check for sensitivity.

 

Professional teeth whitening is a risk-free procedure. 95% of the applications give successful results and may last up to 2-3 years depending on the habits of the person. Tooth sensitivity and gum irritation may occur in rare cases, but this condition returns to normal in a short time. In case of sensitivity, the fluoride that your dentist will apply and the toothpaste or cream to be recommended to you will reduce this tooth sensitivity.

 

The result of bleaching depends on the structure of the teeth and the type of stain. Mostly yellow spots are white more quickly than gray ones. Porcelain crowns, laminate veneers and dentures are not bleached. The type of stain, the strength of the bleaching agent used, the duration and frequency of application affect the degree of bleaching to be obtained. What is important here is not to obtain snow-white teeth, but to obtain whitening that matches the skin, hair, eye color of the person.

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