Bacteria found in the normal flora of the mouth metabolize food residues accumulated on the tooth surfaces and release acid. These acids cause roughness and dissolution in the enamel of the tooth. This wear gradually increases over time to form pits on the tooth surface and dental caries begins. Those who consume carbohydrate and sugary foods frequently are at risk of caries.
What are the damages of dental caries?
Dental caries can cause some diseases in the body. One of these disorders is heart disease. In addition, weakness of the muscular system and immune system may occur. In addition, impairments in blood glucose values may occur in diabetics. It is also said that pregnant women can cause premature births.
How To Treat Tooth Decay?
Nowadays, composite fillings, composite veneers, composite inlays and onlays, porcelain veneers, porcelain inlays and onlays are generally used in the restoration of dental caries.
Composite fillings can be used not only to treat caries, but also for their cosmetic effects by changing the color and shape of the teeth. Composite fillings are layered in prepared cavities and each layer is cured with a special light.
Polishing process can now be performed in the same session in making composite fillings. However, in very large restorations or series restorations made for multiple teeth, it is better to call the patient once more and make the necessary corrections, if any, in terms of both aesthetics and function. The patient should be reminded that the food and drink can change the color of the fillings, even if the polishing has been well done, especially after the front face.
Composite veneers, inlays and onlays,
In cases of large material loss, the teeth are coated with composite material. These procedures are performed by the doctor in the office after the dental caries have been cleaned and measured and usually completed in the same session. Such fillings are preferred in teeth with excess material loss to provide better contact points outside the mouth. The filler formed outside the mouth is adhered to the tooth with liquid composites.
Porcelain vener, inlays and onlays,
When there is a loss of excess material in the teeth, the caries are cleaned, the teeth are shaped and the measurement is completed and the restoration of the tooth is completed in the laboratory. The restoration (inlay, onlay or vener) prepared by calling the patient to the second session is adhered to the mouth with composite adhesives.
All these studies are performed to ensure minimum loss of matter from the teeth. Which restoration will be applied to the teeth is at the discretion of the physician.